Egypt could be the fifteenth most populous country in the world and its 78.8 million populations, as per the census held in 2006, live close to the fertile banks of the river Nile, having a place of about 15,500 sq miles. The area is the sole farming land found in the country, where agriculture is possible. The major area of the country forms a area of the Sahara Desert and is very little inhibited. The cities in the country is densely populated , with majority spread across greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major towns in the Nile Delta. Incidentally, Cairo is the greatest city in Africa and the Middle East.
Egypt holds one of the richest evidence of ancient civilisation and a few of the world’s ancient and famous monuments attract an incredible number of tourists to the country. These monuments range from the Giza Pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza. You may find a large number of ancient artifacts like the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings, in the southern city of Luxor. In the current days, Egypt has come to be known as the key political and cultural centre of the Middle East. About 2,000 years back the ancient culture of Egypt started initially to decline and disappeared, and the last trace of the culture ceased to exist in the season 391 AD, when the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I closed all pagan temples throughout the Roman Empire. It had been during the invasion of Egypt by Napoleon that Europe got to see the wonderful artifacts of the Egypt, when the long lost culture grew to become awakened.
Through the yearly flooding of the Nile, the water enriched the soil on the banks of the river that introduced good harvests and wealth to the land. The everyday life in ancient Egypt revolved around this fertile land. The individuals of ancient Egypt built mud-brick homes for themselves in the villages of the nation and grew some of their very own food and traded the remainder in the villages for food and other goods which they might not produce. Most of these people worked in the fields as farmers and most of them worked as craftsmen and scribes. A tiny handful of everyone was nobles and together, they formed the inhabitants of ancient Egypt.
The ruler of the ancient Egyptian Kingdom, in the pre-Christian and pre-Islamic period are is called a Pharaoh. Such rulers were believed to be the re-incarnation of Horus, who is a historical God of the ancient Egyptian religion, whose cult survived good enough for him to evolve and gain many names over time. The Pharaoh was probably the most powerful person in Egypt and was the political leader and religious head of the Egyptian people and held the name of ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ ;.He was the pinnacle priest of every Temple in Egypt, and represented the Gods on Earth and would build the temples all over the country to honour the Gods. He would also perform rituals for the wellness of his country. He owned every one of the land, made laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt against foreigners.
Initially, the word Pharaoh described the house where in fact the King of Egypt resided and this translated to the ‘great house’ ;.Eventually the king himself came to be known as the Pharaoh. The interesting point is that the King was never officially described by this name and the state designation of the King for ancient Egypt was ‘nesw-bit’, which combined the 2 dimensions of the King. While ‘nesw’ described the divine dimension that he had, ‘bit’ described the King as an individual that he is. As regarded as the son of God Osiris, as Horus, the Pharaoh was himself the divine being. He was regarded as an institution rather than an individual and was the protector of maat, the universal ethical principle. The consideration of the King to be an institution, changed with time.
At the time when pharaohs rules the Ancient Egypt, individuals build Pyramids as tombs for theit Kings and their Queens, in which the pharaohs were buried egypt pictures . These pyramids came in a variety of shapes and sizes and were built in the period right from the start of the Old Kingdom to the conclusion of the Middle Kingdom. Today we all know 80 such existing pyramids, out of which, the three largest and best preserved pyramids have now been within Giza, with the well-known pyramid being that of the Pharaoh Khufu, known as the ‘Great Pyramid’ ;.
This pyramid was built by pharaoh Khufu, an Egyptian King of the fourth dynasty, who existed around the season 2560 B.C. This he developed to serve as his resting place after his death. It is said this pyramid took 20 years to be built and there are modern theories as to the way the construction proceeded.
The wonders of those pyramids have always stimulated the human interest, that they reference as ‘The Mountains of Pharaoh’ ;.When Napoleon invaded and conquered Egypt, he was supposed to own said that he can easily see 40 centuries from the the surface of the pyramid. Today the ‘Great Pyramid’ is enclosed, together with other pyramids along with the Sphinx. The famous ‘Sun Boat’ was discovered in 1954 and historians say that this is the boat which carried King Khufu in his last journey in the world before being buried within the pyramid. According to the ancient Egyptian beliefs, the boat could have been placed there to serve him as a way of transportation alive after death.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the temples were the places where God and Goddesses lived, and therefore, every temple that was built during those times was dedicated to a God or Goddess, who were worshipped by the High Priest and the Pharaoh himself. Temples were constructed with stone, especially the large ones, which had the walls curved with paintings of scenes from that period. In addition, it contained curved inscriptions of the ancient Egypt and is a subject of interest to the Egyptologists and tourists. In those days, entry to these Temples was restricted and today, when you visit one, you may visualise the wonders of the civilisation that existed in that period.